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How it is elected

MEPs are elected according to national electoral systems which means that some countries apply a constituency system like in the UK while in other states there is a system of proportional representation, like in the Netherlands or, for the first time in 2004, in Malta. In some countries voting is compulsory like in Greece, Belgium and Luxembourg. However, the national electoral systems have much in common with regard to the rights of the voters such as the right to vote as from the age of 18. Since the Maastricht Treaty, each EU citizen can vote or be elected in the country where he/she resides.

European elections

MEPs are elected according to national electoral systems which means that some countries apply a constituency system like in the UK while in other states there is a system of proportional representation, like in the Netherlands or, for the first time in 2004, in Malta. In some countries voting is compulsory like in Greece, Belgium and Luxembourg. However, the national electoral systems have much in common with regard to the rights of the voters such as the right to vote as from the age of 18. Since the Maastricht Treaty, each EU citizen can vote or be elected in the country where he/she resides.

MEPs are elected according to national electoral systems which means that some countries apply a constituency system like in the UK while in other states there is a system of proportional representation, like in the Netherlands or, for the first time in 2004, in Malta. In some countries voting is compulsory like in Greece, Belgium and Luxembourg. However, the national electoral systems have much in common with regard to the rights of the voters such as the right to vote as from the age of 18. Since the Maastricht Treaty, each EU citizen can vote or be elected in the country where he/she resides.

Elections to the European Parliament are held every five years. The European Parliament was directly elected for the first time in 1979. The last elections took place in June 2004 on the traditional Election Day of the Member States. In Malta the elections were held on Saturday, 13 June 2004. Members were elected for a five-year term. European elections are conducted according to national electoral laws.